Given the standard of living for the majority of human beings in the early 16th century, More’s dream of a perfect nation must have sounded as idyllic as it gets. Yet even so, 16th-century Europeans hardly lived sheltered lives. By what reasoning, then, could More ever seriously imagine the existence of a Utopia, in either reality or fantasy? In his world, all men have the will to be saints, and if not, then their angelic neighbors find the power to overcome all evils of society. He speaks of shared gardens, and shared houses, and property that belongs to no one because it belongs to everyone. He talks of quasi-elections and rulers for life, in the same breath. Human nature, if it exists in Utopia, is easily kept in check by the noble ideals that all the citizens yearn for, as well as their continuous eagerness to work together.
I am far from finished with this book, but already it’s a struggle. The overdose of either extreme naivete or wishful thinking is hard to read.